Impressionism / Post - Impressionism

About

Both Impressionism and Post-Impressionism refer to influential artistic movements arising in late 19th-century France. Impressionists rejected the system of state-controlled academies and salons in favor of independent exhibitions, the first of which was held in 1874. They painted contemporary landscapes and scenes of modern life, especially of bourgeois leisure and recreation, instead of drawing on past art or historical and mythological narrative for their inspiration. Interested in capturing transitory moments, the Impressionists paid attention to the fleeting effect of light, atmosphere and movement. They continued the break that the Realists began from the illusionist tradition by emphasizing the paint on the surface of the canvas, flattening the sense of perspective through a lack of tonal modeling, and using daring cropped perspectives which were influenced by Japanese prints. Confronting nature and modern city life directly, the Impressionists differed from their antecedents because they painted en plein air (in the open air) and used a palette of pure colors. The term Impressionism is used to describe a group of painters living in Paris who worked between c. 1860 and 1900. These artists, such as Frédéric Bazille, Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, Berthe Morisot, Camille Pissarro, Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley and Mary Cassatt, sparked an international group of followers and revolutionized Western conceptions of painting.

Post-Impressionism is a term used to describe the reaction in the 1880s against Impressionism. It was led by Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh and Georges Seurat. The Post-Impressionists rejected Impressionism’s concern with the spontaneous and naturalistic rendering of light and color. Instead they favored an emphasis on more symbolic content, formal order and structure. Similar to the Impressionists, however, they stressed the artificiality of the picture. The Post-Impressionists also believed that color could be independent from form and composition as an emotional and aesthetic bearer of meaning. Both Impressionism and Post-Impressionism include some of the most famous works of modern art such as Monet’s Waterlilies, a Series of Waterscapesand van Gogh’s Starry Night. Impressionism and Post-Impressionism continue to be some of the most well-known and beloved of artistic movements.

Artist


Robert Henri

The Storm- A Rue in Paris

25 3/4″ x 32 1/8″
Oil On Canvas
1897
Provenance
Estate of the Artist
Janet LeClair, New York, by descent

Exhibited
Pennsylvania Academy, An Exhibition of Pictures by Robert Henri, 1897

Macbeth Gallery, 1897, 1901

Delaware Art Museum (traveling), Robert Henri Painter, 1984-5, ill. p. 34

Louis Valtat

Barques

9 1/2″ x 13″
Oil On Canvas
1935 Circa

Francois Gall

The Boardwalk

20 1/2″ x 25″
Oil On Canvas
1960 Circa

Maurice de Vlaminck

Vase de Fluers

28 3/4″ x 23 5/8″
Oil On canvas
1917 Circa

Provenance:

Robert Rockman, New York
Betty Marcus, Palm Beach, FL

Patrides Letter #23.015

Hugues Claude Pissarro

Tot Matin, La Terrasse

18″ x 21 3/4″
Oil On Canvas

Accompanied by a Certificate of Authenticity from the Artist

Les Aulnes bords L’Etang des Demoiselles

19 1/2″ x 23 3/4″
Oil On Canvas

Accompanied by a certificate of Authenticity from the Artist

 

 

Tramway Jaune

19 5/8″ x 24″
Oil On Canvas

Provenance: Stern Art Dealers
The Collction of David Stern and Lelia Pissarro

Henri Baptiste Lebasque

18 1/4″ x 21 3/4″
Oil On Canvas
1905

Provenance:  Kaplan Gallery, London Sotheby’s, Los Angeles, May 23, 1971, lot 31 Hammer Galleries, New York Acquired from the above by present owner.

Exhibitions:  Kaplan Gallery, London A Selection of Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings, Watercoulours, Pastels and Drawing from the Collection of Kaplan Gallery, no. 57, 1966.

Literature:  Bazetoux, Denise, Henri Lebasque, Catalogue Raisonne – Tome I, pg. 199 (illustrated, 699).

Martha Walter

Late Afternoon At Biarritz

20 3/8″ x 25″
Oil On canvas
1930 Circa

Maximilien Luce

sur les Quais

20 1/2″ x 16 1/4″

Oil On Canvas

 

Abraham Manievich

Untitled

20″ x 22″
Oil On Canvas
1930

Untitled

19 3/4″ x 19 1/4″
Oil On Canvas
1930

Untitled

17 7/8″ x 26 1/4″
Oil On Canvas
1935 Circa

Niege et Soleil

21  1/4″ x 31  1/2″
Oil On Canvas
1911 Circa

Fall Scene

18″ x 24″
Oil on Canvas
1918 Circa